Active Versus Passive Real Estate Investing

As a passive investor, you rely on the shared expertise of the existing deal sponsor team. The sponsors are experts in the market and typically already have a team set up to manage the property. As an active real estate investor, you will need to build your own team, including brokers, property managers, and contractors. With passive real estate investments, on the other hand, you typically sign a single PPM to invest in the property.

In this article, you’ll see what passive real estate investing means and find out if you should be an active or passive investor. Now you know what they are for and what you could be doing with them. Again, this is where you can decide how active you want to be in the process. A financial professional can also assist here, either by helping you with your decisions or by recommending investments that actively participate in shareholder advocacy.

What Is Passive Investing?

Active real estate investments require more time, during the initial acquisition and throughout the project lifecycle, while passive investments only require your time up front, during the research phase. On the flip side, you have passive investing, which are the “set it and forget it” type of real estate investments. For the average investor, passive investing might work better because of the lower fees and the fact that you don’t have to make decisions about which stocks to buy or sell. Multiple studies spanning decades have demonstrated that in the long run, passive investing beats active. The performance fee is calculated based on the increase in the net asset value of the client’s holdings in the fund, which is the value of the fund’s investments.

Active investors aim to generate additional returns by buying and selling investments advantageously. They look for investments where the market price differs from the underlying value and will buy investments when the market price is too low and sell investments when the market price is too high. With passive investing, your liability is limited to the capital you invest. If anything goes terribly wrong, the sponsors are held liable, not the passive investors.

active investing meaning

This website is a service of DRG Mpls, LLC, a broker Participant Active or passive investing of the Regional Multiple Listing Service of Minnesota, Inc.

Disadvantages Of Active Management

You will witness high conviction not just in the outcome, but also in the investment process. When determining which is the right path for you, be sure to factor in your unique situation, goals, and interests. I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. The data relating to real estate for sale on this site comes in part from the Broker Reciprocity program of the Regional Multiple Listing Service of Minnesota, Inc. DRG Mpls, LLC is not a Multiple Listing Service MLS, nor does it offer MLS access.

  • With passive investing, the profits are distributed among many investors.
  • There is much debate about active vs. passive investing and which one is better, but in reality, a combination of both strategies may offer more portfolio diversification.
  • With the right strategies, a passive investment can sometimes out-perform an active investment.
  • A passive portfolio strategy focuses on maximizing diversification with little expectational input.
  • One of the conversations I’m consistently having week over week with first time investors is the conversation of whether to passively invest, or actively invest.
  • Tactical asset allocation works well with index funds and exchange-traded funds .

One of the conversations I’m consistently having week over week with first time investors is the conversation of whether to passively invest, or actively invest. Active management provides investors with the potential to earn higher returns. Active investors can have expertise that enables them to select investments that do better than the market as a whole. These reports have often concluded that the performance of actively-managed funds is disappointing.

Passive investments often track an index like the Nasdaq 100, which means that when a stock is added to or removed from the index, the index fund automatically buys or sells that stock. Active investing involves taking a hands-on approach by a portfolio manager or some other market participant who makes decisions about where to invest the money in the fund. Active management aims to outperform indices like the S&P 500 or whatever other benchmark is used by the fund. Every fund manager chooses a benchmark that contains the type of investments their fund contains. In tactical asset allocation, you actively adjust and balance stocks, bonds, and cash based on market performance to fit your desired investment goals.

Howeytrade Investment Program

Although none of us are perfect, most people genuinely want to do some good in the world. The debate over active vs. passive investing has been heated for many years, but there are advantages and disadvantages to both. Active investing involves actively choosing stocks or other assets to invest in, while passive investing limits selections to an index or other preset selection of investments. However, some actively managed mutual funds charge only a management fee, although that fee is still higher than the fees on passive funds. Many funds have reduced their fees in recent years to remain competitive, but they are still more expensive than passive funds. Thomson Reuters Lipper found the average expense ratio for an actively managed stock fund to be 1.4% but just 0.6% for the average passive fund.

active investing meaning

For this reason, I recommend engaging a Certified Financial Planner ™ professional. Fees on active investments are higher than those on passive investments because it costs more to actively manage investments. One example of an active investment is a hedge fund, while an exchange-traded fund that tracks an index like the S&P 500 is a passive investment. Some examples of actively managed investments are hedge funds and a stock portfolio actively managed by the investor via an online brokerage account. After a long period of positive and correlated asset returns across the board, rising interest rates and lower liquidity are leading the markets to take a more aggressive view on the pricing of risk.

Before You Invest

For example, if you choose a moderate portfolio allocation, it may have a target of 65% stocks, 30% bonds, and 5% cash. A TAA strategy focuses on keeping the ideal mix of asset types to fit your desired risk level. It requires actively watching how different asset classes perform, and then adjusting a portfolio’s allocations accordingly. However, if your time is limited but you have capital to invest, you might want to consider being a passive investor. With passive investing, it’s easy to diversify across different markets, since you don’t have to start from scratch with each market. You are investing with teams that have already taken the time to research those markets and build strong local teams.

Therefore, active investors do not agree with the strong and semi-strong forms of the efficient-market hypothesis . In the stronger forms of the EMH, all public information has been incorporated into stock prices, which makes it impossible to outperform. Even after a decade-long bull market, investor confidence remains brittle, as we experienced in the last quarter of 2018. High-conviction investment strategies can help you maintain confidence and stay the course amid both calm and choppy markets. So, by moving your money around and re-investing in the stocks that are declining, you give yourself more opportunity to capture the growth that happens over time.

Active management is consistent with the weak form of the EMH, which argues that prices reflect all information related to price changes in the past. Under the weak form the EMH, fundamental analysis can be profitable, though technical analysis cannot be profitable. Analyzing the impact of environmental, social, and governance factors on investments.

Those who choose to manage their investments actively can use the tactics described here. The real question shouldn’t be about choosing between active vs. passive investing, but rather, utilizing a combination of both if you have enough assets to do so. Finally, active management is often less tax-efficient than passive management, because it may buy and sell investments more frequently and generate capital gains as a result. However, many active managers trade infrequently and, therefore, are tax-efficient. In an actively managed portfolio of investments, the investor selects the investments that make up the portfolio. Active management is often compared to passive management or index investing.

active investing meaning

For example, more conservative investors may want to adjust their portfolios to emphasize blue-chip investment. Or they may plan to adjust the risk of their investments as their personal circumstances change. Determining the allocation of investment among asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, and cash. In 2018, the bulk of the sectors in global equities were negative, with the more cyclical sectors experiencing the worst declines. Active equity managers with conviction see declining markets as an opportunity to buy good companies at discounted valuations.

However, during the 10-year period from January 2000 through December 2009, even a solid portfolio of stocks would have had 0% return. It would have been outperformed by even the most conservative mix of stocks, bonds, and cash. An index fund may underperform its index because of fees and expenses, trading costs, and tracking error.


Keeping a relatively low number of positions allows managers to capture more stock-picking opportunities. In turn, the positioning rationale is clearer, which reduces the complexity of the portfolio’s management and makes for more robust decision-making. With this strategy, you take your earnings from selling the stock that has grown and re-invest that money in stocks that are currently not performing well.

You can simply change your investments to others that research shows are having an impact. Or, you can take the next step along the path to become an active investor that seeks to make a change – shareholder advocacy. However, you may prefer to actively invest during a bear market because active managers don’t have to stick with a certain set of stocks in a particular index.

They likely agree with themodern portfolio theory, which essentially states that asset allocation has a greater impact on portfolio returns and market risk than investment selection. Tactical asset allocation is an investment style in which the three primary asset classes are actively balanced and adjusted. The main goal of TAA is to maximize portfolio returns while keeping market risk to a minimum. The idea of active vs. passive takes on a very different meaning when discussing impact investing. Whether you actively or passively participate, there are benefits to this type of investing. By investing in a sustainable way, and assuming that it aligns with your values and you’re completely committed, you’ll sleep better at night knowing that you’re trying to do good in the world.

How To Invest In High

They may be able to find pockets of outperformance in various parts of the market, while the index-tracking funds will have to stick with a wide array of stocks in every sector across the market. When it comes to investing your money, there are two types of investment. There is active investing where you use various investing strategies that encourage buying low and selling high to maximize your return. There is also passive investment, the topic of this lesson, where you aim to maximize your return over the long term while minimizing your buying and selling activities. Passive investing involves investing over the long term with very limited buying and selling. It focuses on a buy-and-hold strategy, although you can also follow such a strategy with active investing.

What Is Tactical Asset Allocation?

In contrast, an actively managed fund often seeks to outperform a market by doing more frequent purchases and sales. Tactical asset allocation works well with index funds and exchange-traded funds . Once again, the focus is mostly on asset classes and how they perform in certain market conditions. For instance, if you invest in mutual funds, you can choose stock index funds, bond index funds, and money market funds instead of building a portfolio of individual securities. The specific fund types and stock categories can also be simple, such as large-cap stock, foreign stock, small-cap stock, or sector funds and ETFs.

If you’re ready to roll up your sleeves and get involved in the various aspects of being a landlord, active investing just might be the perfect adventure for you. Did you know that you could invest in real estate without the headaches of tenants, toilets, and termites? It’s true – you can get all the benefits of investing in real estate, without any of the hassles of being a landlord.

Resolutions to be voted on are placed on the company’s proxy statement, and all persons and institutions that own stock in the company can vote on the issue. These resolutions enable a formal communication channel between shareholders and management that often results in the withdrawal of the resolution through a negotiated dialogue. If agreement is not reached, the resolution is placed on the company’s proxy statement and voted on by all stockholders. There is much debate about active vs. passive investing and which one is better, but in reality, a combination of both strategies may offer more portfolio diversification.

For example, an investor might own $1 million worth of shares in a hedge fund, and if the fund manager increases the value by $100,000, the investor would pay $20,000 or 20% of the increase. For example, at the end of 2020, only $0.2 trillion of the $5.3 trillion in assets in 1940 Act exchange-traded funds were actively managed. High conviction does not mean that portfolio managers are right all the time. But by having the freedom to focus on an area of expertise, with little or no focus on market indices, portfolios are constructed to be resilient through the economic cycle.

Market efficiency is beneficial because it encourages broad investor participation in the market, it makes it easier for investors to diversity risk, and it encourages capital formation. Having a solid asset allocation strategy based on your personal tolerance for risk and your goals, resources and time frames. Creating a comprehensive financial plan that works for you and your family. These variables will play a significantly greater role in the overall return of your portfolio than an active or passive investment strategy ever will. Because index funds generally use a passive investing strategy, they may be able to save costs.

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